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精编熟词生义 101-120

来源:考试在线2017-06-19 在线模考培训课程

101.cultivate

 

 

①(sometimes disapproving) to try to get sb’s friendship or support

 

建立(友谊);结交(朋友);获得(支持):

He purposely tried to cultivate good relations with the press.

 

②to develop an attitude, a way of talking or behaving, etc.

 

逐渐形成(某种态度、谈话或举止方式等):

She cultivated an air of sophistication

 

 

 

102.culture

 

①[U] (technical 术语) the growing of plants or breeding of particular animals in order to get a particular substance or crop from them

 

种植;栽培;养殖;培育:

the culture of silkworms (= for silk)

 

②[C] (biology 生, medical 医) a group of cells or bacteria, especially one taken from a person or an animal and grown for medical or scientific study, or to produce food; the process of obtaining and growing these cells

 

培养细胞;培养菌;(为医疗、科研或食品生产而作细胞或细菌的)培养:

Yogurt is made from active cultures.

 

③verb [VN](biology 生, medical 医) to grow a group of cells or bacteria for medical or scientific study

 

培养(细胞或细菌)

 

 

103.occur

 

①to exist or be found somewhere

 

存在于;出现在:

Sugar occurs naturally in fruit.

 

 

 

104.current

 

①the fact of particular ideas, opinions or feelings being present in a group of people

 

思潮;潮流;趋向:

Ministers are worried by this current of anti-government feeling.

 

 

 

105.course

 

①[verb](literary) (of liquid 液体) to move or flow quickly

 

快速地流动;奔流

Noun:

 

②[C, usually sing.] the general direction in which sb’s ideas or actions are moving

 

方针;行动方向:

The president appears likely to change course on some key issues.

 

③(also course of action) [C] a way of acting in or dealing with a particular situation

 

行动方式;处理方法:

There are various courses open to us.

 

④[C, usually sing.] the direction a river moves in

 

江河流向:

The path follows the course of the river.

 

⑤[C] a continuous layer of bricks, stone, etc. in a wall

 

(砖、石等墙的)层:

A new damp-proof course could cost £1,000 or more.

 

 

106.cure

 

①to treat food or tobacco with smoke, salt, etc. in order to preserve it

 

(用熏、腌等方法)加工贮藏(食物或烟草)

②~ (for sth) something that will solve a problem, improve a bad situation, etc.

 

(解决问题、改善糟糕情况等的)措施,对策:

a cure for poverty

 

 

 

107.secure

 

①[VN] to legally agree to give sb property or goods that are worth the same amount as the money that you have borrowed from them, if you are unable to pay the money back

 

抵押:

a loan secured on the house

 

②[VN] ~ sth (to sth) to attach or fasten sth firmly

 

拴牢;扣紧;关严:

She secured the rope firmly to the back of the car.

 

 

 

108.critical

 

①involving making fair, careful judgements about the good and bad qualities of sb / sth

 

有判断力的;判断公正(或审慎)的:

Students are encouraged to develop critical thinking instead of accepting opinions without questioning them.

 

②serious, uncertain and possibly dangerous

 

严重的;不稳定的;可能有危险的:

The first 24 hours after the operation are the most critical.

 

③[only before noun] according to the judgement of critics of art, music, literature, etc.

 

根据(艺术、音乐、文学等)评论家的评论:

the film director’s greatest critical success

 

 

 

109.security

 

①[U] protection against sth bad that might happen in the future

 

担保;保证:

financial security

 

②[U, C] a valuable item, such as a house, that you agree to give to sb if you are unable to pay back the money that you have borrowed from them

 

抵押品:

His home and business are being held as security for the loan.

 

③securities [pl.] (finance 财) documents proving that sb is the owner of shares, etc. in a particular company

 

证券

 

 

110.procure

 

①to provide a prostitute for sb

 

给…拉皮条:

He was accused of procuring under-age girls.

 

 

 

111.cycle

 

①a complete set or series, for example of movements in a machine

 

整套,整个系列(如机器的运转):

the rinse cycle (= in a washing machine)

 

 

 

112.indicate

 

①[VN] [usually passive] (formal) to be necessary or recommended

 

有必要;被建议:

A course of chemotherapy was indicated.

 

②(BrE) to show that your vehicle is going to change direction, by using lights or your arm

 

(用灯光或手臂)打行车转向信号【SYN】 signal :

Always indicate before moving into another lane.

 

③(of an instrument for measuring things 测量器具) to show a particular measurement

 

显示(量度):

When the temperature gauge indicates 90°F or more, turn off the engine.

 

④to give information in writing

 

写明;注出:

You are allowed 20kgs of baggage unless indicated otherwise on your ticket.

 

 

 

113.indicator

 

①(BrE) (NAmE ‘turn signal) (also informal blink∙er NAmE, BrE) a light on a vehicle that flashes to show that the vehicle is going to turn left or right

 

转向灯;方向灯

 

 

114.dictate

 

①to control or influence how sth happens

 

支配;摆布;决定【SYN】 determine :

When we take our vacations is very much dictated by Greg’s work schedule.

 

② ~ (sth) (to sb) to tell sb what to do, especially in an annoying way

 

(尤指以令人不快的方式)指使,强行规定:

They are in no position to dictate terms (= tell other people what to do).

 

③[noun](formal) an order or a rule that you must obey

 

命令;规定:

to follow the dictates of fashion

 

 

 

115.doctrine

 

①Doctrine [C] (US) a statement of government policy

 

(政府政策的)正式声明:

 

Following World War II, the first U.S. commitment to Europe came in the form of the 1947 Truman Doctrine.

 

 

 

116.introduce

 

①~ sth (into sth) (formal) to put sth into sth

 

将…放进;添入:

 

Particles of glass had been introduced into the baby food.

 

②to formally present a new law so that it can be discussed

 

将(法案)提交讨论:

to introduce a bill (before Parliament)

 

③to be the main speaker in a television or radio show, who gives details about the show and who presents the people who are in it; to tell the audience the name of the person who is going to speak or perform

 

主持(节目);介绍(讲演者或演员):

The next programme will be introduced by Mary David.

 

 

117.introduction

 

①[C] (music 音) a short section at the beginning of a piece of music

 

前奏:

an eight-bar introduction

 

②[sing.] ~ (to sth) a person’s first experience of sth

 

初次经历;首次体验:

This album was my first introduction to modern jazz.

 

 

 

118.introductory

 

①offered for a short time only, when a product is first on sale

 

(新产品)试销的:

This introductory offer is for seven days only.

 

②intended as an introduction to a subject or an activity for people who have never done it before

 

入门的;初步的:

introductory courses / lectures

 

 

 

119.product

 

①(mathematics 数) a quantity obtained by multiplying one number by another

 

乘积;积:

The product of 21 and 16 is 336.

 

 

 

120.productive

 

①~ of sth (formal) resulting in sth or causing sth

 

引起;导致;唤起:

a play productive of the strongest emotions

 

 

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