当前位置:考试在线 > CATTI > CATTI考试辅导 > 精编熟词生义 121-140

精编熟词生义 121-140

来源:考试在线2017-06-19 在线模考培训课程

121. Reduce
 

①[VN , V] if you reduce a liquid or a liquid reduces, you boil it so that it becomes less in quantity

• (使)蒸发

②[V] (NAmE, informal) to lose weight by limiting the amount and type of food that you eat

• 减轻体重;节食:

 a reducing plan

③[VN] (chemistry 化) to add one or more electrons to a substance or to remove oxygen from a substance

• 使还原;去氧;脱氧

 

122.Reduction
 

①[C] an amount of money by which sth is made cheaper

• 减价;折扣:

 There are reductions for children sharing a room with two adults.

②[C] a copy of a photograph, map, picture, etc. that is made smaller than the original one

• (照片、地图、图片等的)缩图,缩版【OPP】 enlargement

③(chemistry 化) the fact of adding one or more electrons to a substance or of removing oxygen from a substance

• 还原;去氧;脱氧

 

123.Induction
 

①[U, C] the act of making a pregnant woman start to give birth, using artificial means such as a special drug

• 催产;催生

②[U] (technical 术语) a method of discovering general rules and principles from particular facts and examples

• 归纳法

③K[U] (physics 物) the process by which electricity or magnetism passes from one object to another without them touching

• 电磁感应

 

124.Equation
 

①[C, usually sing.] a problem or situation in which several things must be considered and dealt with

• (多种因素的)平衡,综合体:

 When children enter the equation, further tensions may arise within a marriage.

 

125.Facility
 

①[sing., U] ~ (for sth) a natural ability to learn or do sth easily

• (学习、做事的)天资,才能,天赋:

 She has a facility for languages

②[C] a special feature of a machine, service, etc. that makes it possible to do sth extra

• (机器等的)特别装置;(服务等的)特色:

 a bank account with an overdraft facility

 

126.Factor
 

①[U] (medical 医) a substance in the blood that helps the clotting process. There are several types of this substance

• 凝血因子:

 Haemophiliacs have no factor 8 in their blood.

②[C] a particular level on a scale of measurement

• 系数:

 a suntan lotion with a protection factor of 10

③[C] the amount by which sth increases or decreases

• (增或减的)数量,倍数:

 The real wage of the average worker has increased by a factor of over ten in the last 70 years.

④[C] (mathematics 数) a number that divides into another number exactly

• 因子;因数:

 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 12 are the factors of 12.

 

127.Effect
 

①effects [pl.] (formal) your personal possessions

• (个人)财产,所有物,财物【SYN】 belongings :

 The insurance policy covers all baggage and personal effects.

 

128.Difficult
 

①(of people 人) not easy to please; not helpful

• 难以讨好的;难以取悦的;不愿帮助的【SYN】 awkward :

 a difficult child / customer / boss

 

129.Office
 

①[U, C] an important position of authority, especially in government; the work and duties connected with this

• 要职;重要官职;重要职务:

 She held office as a cabinet minister for ten years.

 The present government took office in 2005.

 to stand for office

 to seek / run for office

 

130.Conference
 

①(especially NAmE) a group of sports teams that play against each other in a league

• 体育协会(或联合会):

 Southeast Conference football champions 

 

 

131.Reference
 

①[C] (abbr. ref.) a number, word or symbol that shows where sth is on a map, or where you can find a piece of information

• (为方便查询所用的)标记,标识,编号:

 Please quote your reference number when making an enquiry.

②[C] a letter written by sb who knows you, giving information about your character and abilities, especially to a new employer

• 推荐信;介绍信:

 We will take up references after the interview.

③[C] a person who agrees to write a reference for you, for example when you are applying for a job

• 推荐人;介绍人【SYN】 referee :

 My previous boss will act as a reference for me.

 

132.Transfer
 

①[C] (especially BrE) (NAmE usually decal) a picture or design that can be removed from a piece of paper and stuck onto a surface, for example by being pressed or heated

• 转印图画,转印图案(利用挤压或加热,可从纸上转印到物体的表面)

②[U] (psychology 心) the process of using behaviour which has already been learned in one situation in a new situation

• 迁移(将已习得的行为在新的情况下应用)

 

133.Finish
 

①to be in a particular state or position at the end of a race or a competition

• (赛跑、竞赛)得…名;获…成绩:

 The dollar finished the day slightly down.

②[VN] ~ sb (off) (informal) to make sb so tired or impatient that they cannot do any more

• 使筋疲力尽;使失去耐心:

 Climbing that hill really finished me off.

③[C, U] the last covering of paint, polish, etc. that is put onto the surface of sth; the condition of the surface

• 末道漆;抛光;(漆完抛光后的)成品表面:

 a gloss / matt finish

④[C, U] the final details that are added to sth to make it complete

• 最后精细加工:

 The bows will give a feminine finish to the curtains.

 

134.Fine
 

①very thin or narrow

• 纤细的;很细的:

 fine blond hair

②[usually before noun] difficult to see or describe

• 难以看出的;很难描述的【SYN】 subtle :

There's a fine line between love and hate (= it is easy for one to become the other).

③made of very small grains

• 小颗粒制成的;颗粒细微的:

 fine sand

④sounding important and impressive but unlikely to have any effect

• 漂亮的;虚饰的;辞藻华丽的:

 His speech was full of fine words which meant nothing.

⑤(technical 术语) containing only a particular metal and no other substances that reduce the quality

• 纯的;无杂质的:

 fine gold

 

135.Confinement
 

①[U, C] (formal or old-fashioned) the time when a woman gives birth to a baby

• 分娩;产期:

 the expected date of confinement

 

136.Definition
 

①[U] the quality of being clear and easy to see

• 清晰度:

 The definition of the digital TV pictures is excellent.

 

137.Definite
 

①[usually before noun] considered to be the best of its kind and almost impossible to improve

• 最佳的;最具权威的:

 the definitive biography of Einstein

 

138.Form 
 

①[VN] to have an influence on the way that sth develops

• 对…的发展有影响【SYN】 mould :

 Positive and negative experiences form a child's character.

②[U] (BrE) how fit and healthy sb is; the state of being fit and healthy

• 体能;良好的健康状态:

 After one months' training the whole team is in superb form.

③[U] how well sb / sth is performing; the fact that sb / sth is performing well

• 表现状态;良好表现:

On current / present form the party is heading for another election victory.

 

④[U, C] (especially BrE) the usual way of doing sth

• 惯常做法;常规;习俗:

 What's the form when you apply for a research grant?

⑤[U] good / bad ~ (old-fashioned, BrE) the way of doing things that is socially acceptable / not socially acceptable

• 礼貌;礼节

⑥(BrE, old-fashioned) a class in a school

• 年级:

 Who's your form teacher?

⑦-former (in compounds 构成复合词) (BrE, old-fashioned) a student in the form mentioned at school

• …年级学生:

 a third-former

 

139.Formation
 

①the particular shape of something

• 组成物;(岩或云)层

rock formations

②[U, C] a particular arrangement or pattern

• 编队;队形:

 aircraft flying in formation

 

140.Formal
 

①(of a garden, room or building 花园、房间、建筑物) arranged in a regular manner, according to a clear, exact plan

• 整齐的;布置井然的:

 delightful formal gardens, with terraced lawns and an avenue of trees

 

  2017年全国二、三级口译笔译(CATTI)考试无忧退费班,独家传授B2A口译笔记体系,助您短期内构建属于自己的独特口译笔记体系,高分通过考试的同时,迅速提高语言能力,为将来步入高薪职场奠定基础!

翻译资格全项套餐全新上线!涵盖业内最全的课程,独享业内最优的价格!详情>>

套餐 基础技能训练 实操技能训练 历年真题解析 综合能力考点解析班 报名
二级口译
三级口译
二级笔译
三级笔译