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精编熟词生义 141-160

来源:考试在线2017-06-19 在线模考培训课程

141.Inform

 

①[VN] (formal) to have an influence on sth

• 对…有影响:
 

 Religion informs every aspect of their lives.

 

142.Formula
 

①[C]~ (for sth / for doing sth) a particular method of doing or achieving sth
 

• 方案;方法:

 They're trying to work out a peace formula acceptable to both sides in the dispute.
 

②[C]a fixed form of words used in a particular situation
 

• (特定场合的)惯用词语,套话:
 

 legal formula

 

 (2017.05二级笔译实务即考察到此词用法①)

 

 

143.Effort
 

①[C](usually after a noun 通常置于名词后) 

 

a particular activity that a group ofpeople organize in order to achieve sth

 

• 有组织的活动:

 

②[C]the result of an attempt to do sth

 

• 努力的结果;成就:

 

 I'm afraid this essay is a poor effort.

 

 

144.Comfortable

 

①havingenough money to buy what you want without worrying about the cost

 

• 富裕的;宽裕的:

 

 They're not millionaires, but they're certainly very comfortable. 
 

②quitelarge; allowing you to win easily  相当大的;易取胜的:

 

 The party won with a comfortable majority.

 

 

145.Force
 

①theforce [sing.] (BrE) the police force  警察部门:

 

 He joined the force twenty years ago.
 

②theforces [pl.] (BrE) the army, navy and air force

 

• 兵力,武装力量(陆海空三军):

 

 allied forces 
 

③[C+ sing. / pl. v.] a group of people who have been organized for a particularpurpose
 

• (为某目的组织起来的)一群人:

 

 a member of the sales force

 

 

146.Refuse
 

①[U]waste material that has been thrown away

 

• 废弃物;垃圾 rubbish / garbage :

 

 the city refuse dump

 

 

147.Fuse 
 

①(NAmEalso fuze) a device that makes a bomb explode when it hits sth or at aparticular time • 引信;信管;雷管:

 

 He set the fuse to three minutes.

 

 

148. Fusion

 

①(alsonuclear fusion) [U] (physics 物) the act or process of combining thenuclei (= central parts) of atoms to form a heavier nucleus , with energy beingreleased

• 核聚变;热核反应

 

 

149.Confound
 

①toprove sb / sth wrong• 证明…有错:

 

 She confounded her critics and proved shecould do the job. 
 

②(old-fashioned)to defeat an enemy

 

• 击败,战胜(敌人)

 

 

150.Suggestion
 

①[C,usually sing.] a slight amount or sign of sth

 

• 微量;些微;迹象

 

 She looked at me with just a suggestion of asmile.

 

 

151.Ambitious 
 

①needinga lot of effort, money or time to succeed

 

• 费力的;耗资的;耗时的:

 

 the government's ambitious plans for socialreform

 

 

152.Transit
 

①[U](NAmE) the system of buses, trains, etc. which people use to travel from oneplace to another

 

• 交通运输系统:

 

 the city's mass / public transit system

 

 

153.Intiate
 

①~sb (into sth) to explain sth to sb and / or make them experience it for thefirst time

• 使了解;传授;教…开始尝试:

 

 Many of them had been initiated into drug useat an early age.

 

 

154.Injection

 

①Aninjection of money or resources into an organization is the act of providing itwith more money or resources, to help it become more efficient or profitable. 
 

• (金钱或资源的)投入
 

 The company is hoping to obtain a £50 million cash injection from the government

 

 

155.Project
 

①[usuallypassive] to estimate what the size, cost or amount of sth will be in the futurebased on what is happening now

 

• 预测;预计;推想【SYN】forecast :

 

 A growth rate of 4% is projected for nextyear. 
 

②[V+adv. / prep.] to stick out beyond an edge or a surface

• 突出;外伸;伸出【SYN】protrude :

 

 a building with balconies projecting out over the street 
 

③[VN]~ (yourself) to present sb / sth / yourself to other people in a particularway, especially one that gives a good impression

 

• 展现;表现;确立(好印象):

 

He projected himself as a man worth listening to. 
 

④[VN]to send or throw sth up or away from yourself

 

• 投掷;抛射;发送:

 

 Actors must learn to project their voices.
 

⑤[noun](NAmE) = housing project : a group of houses or flats / apartments built forpoor families, usually with government money

 

• 住宅区,居民村(常由政府为贫困家庭营造)

 

 Going into the projects alone is dangerous.

 

156.Reject
 

①somethingthat cannot be used or sold because there is sth wrong with it

 

• 废品;次品

 

②aperson who has not been accepted as a member of a team, society, etc.

 

• 不合格者;被剔除者;被拒收者:

 

 one of society's rejects

 

③tofail to give a person or an animal enough care or affection

 

• 不够关心;慢待:

 

 The lioness rejected the smallest cub, which died.

 

 

157.Justify

 

①[VN](technical 术语) to arrange lines of printed text so that one or bothedges are straight

 

• 调整使全行排满;使每行排齐;使齐行

 

 Click on this icon to align or justify text

 

158.Collect

 

①toreceive sth; to win sth

 

• 收到;赢得;获得:

 

 to collect a prize / a medal

 

②[VN]to obtain the money, etc. that sb owes, for example by going to their house toget it

 

• 收(欠款);(上门)收(账):  to collect rent / debts / tax

 

③ of a telephone call 电话) paid for by the person who receives thecall

 

• 由受话人付费的: to make a collect call

 

 

159.Elect

 

usedafter nouns to show that sb has been chosen for a job, but is not yet 

 

doingthat job (用于名词后)当选而尚未就职的,候任的:

 

 the president elect

 

 

160.Elegant

 

of a plan or an idea 计划或想法 clever but simple

 

• 简炼的;简洁的;简明的:  an elegant solution to the problem 

 

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