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2017年6月大学英语四级考试真题及答案完整版(第一套)

来源:考试在线2017-06-19 在线模考培训课程

  翻译:

  黄河是亚洲第三、世界第六长的河流。“黄”这个字描述的是其河水浑浊的颜色。黄河发源于青海,流经九个省份,最后注入渤海。黄河是中国赖以生存的几条河流之一。黄河流域(river basin)是中国古代文明的诞生地,也是中国早期历史上最繁荣的地区。然而,由于极具破坏力的洪水频发,黄河曾造成多次灾害。在过去几十年里,政府采取了各种措施防止灾害发生。

  The Yellow River ranks the third longest in Asia and the sixth longest in the world. The word “yellow” describes the muddy water of the river. The Yellow River,one of several rivers for China to live on,originates from Qinghai,flows through nine provinces, and finally pours into the Bohai Sea. The river basin is not only the birthplace of ancient Chinese civilization,but also the most prosperous region in the early history of China. However,due to the frequent devastating floods, it has caused many disasters. In the past few decades,the government has taken various measures to prevent disasters.

  SectionA News

  1 B The test driver made a wrong judgement

  2 D They have generally done quite well.

  3 A He works at a national park.

  4 B They were making a lot of noise.

  5 A The discovery of a new species of snake.

  6 C A snake crawled onto his head in his sleep.

  7 D From its colour.

  SectionB Conversation

  conversation1

  8 A The security check takes time.

  9 B By credit card.

  10 A Give him a receipt.

  11 D Posting a comment on the hotel’s webpage.

  conversation2

  12 C He has stopped making terrible faces.

  13 D Warn him of danger by making up a story.

  14 A They could break pp’s legs.

  15 B One would have to shave their head to remove a bat in their hair.

  SectionC Passage

  Passage1

  16 C Everything seemed to be changing.

  17 A Meeting people.

  18 D He was a young student in the 1960s.

  Passage2

  19 B They avoid looking at them.

  20 C It focuses its eyes on their mouths.

  21 B By taking in their facial expressions as a whole.

  Passage3

  22 D They resort to different means to survive the bitter cold.

  23 C They consume the energy stored before the long sleep.

  24 A By storing enough food beforehand

  25 C To stay safe

  选词填空答案

  26.O vigorous

  27.I phenomenon

  28.E effectively

  29.G involved

  30.M solution

  31.D cycling

  32.C control

  33. J preventing

  34. N sufficient

  35. F increased

  【原文】

  As if you needed another reason to hate the gym, it now turns out that exercise can exhaust not only your muscles, but also your eyes. Fear not, however, for coffee can perk them right up again. During vigorous exercise, our muscles tire as they run out of fuel and build up waste products. Muscle performance can also be affected by a phenomenon called “central fatigue,” in which an imbalance in the body’s chemical messengers prevents the central nervous system from directing muscle movements effectively. It was not known, however, whether central fatigue might also affect motor systems not directly involved in the exercise itself—such as those that move the eyes. To find out, researchers gave 11 volunteers a carbohydrate solution either with a moderate dose of caffeine—which is known to stimulate the central nervous system—or as a placebo without, during 3 hours of cycling. After exercising, the scientists tested the cyclists with eye-tracking cameras to see how well their brains could still control their visual system. The team found that exercise reduced the speed of rapid eye movements by about 8%, preventing their ability to capture new visual information. The caffeine—the equivalent of two strong cups of coffee—was sufficient to counteract this effect, with some cyclists even displaying increased eye movement speeds, the team reports today in Scientific Reports. So it might be a good idea to get someone else to drive you home after that marathon.

  段落信息匹配

  36 [H] 题干:Successful team leaders know exactly where the team should go and are able to take promptaction.

  37 [D] 题干:Decentralisation of authority was also found to be more effective in military operations.

  38 [B] 题干:In many companies,the conventional form of organisation is giving way to a network of teams.

  39 [J] 题干:Members of poorly managed teams are easily distracted from their work.

  40 [G] 题干:Teamwork is most effective when team members share the same culture.

  41 [A] 题干:According to a report by Deloitte,teamwork is becoming increasingly popular among companies.

  42 [F] 题干:Some team members find it hard to agree on questions like membership and the team's purpose.

  43 [E] 题干:Some scholars think teamwork may not always be reliable,despite its potential to work wonders.

  44 [I] 题干:To ensure employee's commitment,it is advisable to give them more flexibility as to where and how they work.

  45 [C] 题干: Product transitions take much less time now than in the past.

  仔细阅读1

  46 D Britons have developed the habit of saving.

  47 B It will remain gloomy.

  48 C Luxurious features add much to the price.

  49 A They are particular about the quality of toilet paper.

  50 D Environmental protection is not much of a concern when Britons buy toilet paper.

  仔细阅读2

  51 B She succeeded in quitting smoking abruptly.

  52 D They were offered nicotine replacements.

  53 C It is encouraging.

  54 B needs some practice first.

  55 A They find it even more difficult.

  写作:

  Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an advertisement on your campus website to sell a computer you used at college. Your advertisement may include its brand, specifications/features, condition and price, and your contact information. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.

  参考范文

  With the development of the Internet and the popularization of computers, shopping on the Internet has become a commonplace in our life. Here consumers can buy almost everything they need. People don't have to waste a lot of their energy and precious time to go from one shop to another to choose the commodities they like. This is especially desirable to the old, the sick and the busy people who cannot go to the shops in person. All they need to do is to sit in front of their computers and click the mousses. The commodities they order will be delivered to them promptly.