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2017年6月大学英语六级完形填空提升练习一

来源:考试在线2017-02-11 在线模考培训课程

 Historically, humans get serious about avoiding disasters only after one has just struck them. __62__ that logic, 2006 should have been a breakthrough year for rational behavior. With the memory of 9/11 still __63__ in their minds, Americans watched hurricane Katrina, the most expensive disaster in U.S. history, on __64__ TV. Anyone who didn’t know it before should have learned that bad things can happen. And they are made __65__ worse by our willful blindness to risk as much as our __66__ to work together before everything goes to hell.
  Granted, some amount of delusion(错觉)is probably part of the __67__ condition. In A.D. 63, Pompeii was seriously damaged by an earthquake, and the locals immediately went to work __68__, in the same spot-until they were buried altogether by a volcano eruption 16 years later. But a __69__ of the past year in disaster history suggests that modern Americans are particularly bad at __70__ themselves from guaranteed threats. We know more than we __71__ did about the dangers we face. But it turns __72__ that in times of crisis, our greatest enemy is __73__ the storm, the quake or the __74__ itself. More often it is ourselves.
  So what has happened in the year that __75__ the disaster on the Gulf Coast?In New Orleans,the Army Corps of Engineers has worked day and night to rebuild the flood walls.They have got the walls to __76__ they were before Katrina,more or less.That’s not __77__,we can now say with confidence.But it may be all __78__ can be expected from one year of hustle(忙碌).
  Meanwhile,New Orleans offcials have crafted a plan to use buses and trains to __79__ the sick and the disabled.The city estimates that 15,000 people will need a __80__ out.However,state officials have not yet determined where these people will be taken.The __81__ with neighboring communities are on going and difficult.
  (本篇为07.6真题)
  __ 62 A) To B) By C) On D) For
  __ 63 A) fresh B) obvious C) apparent D) evident
  __ 64 A) visual B) vivid C) live D) lively
  __ 65 A) little B) less C) more D) much
  __ 66 A) reluctance B) rejection C) denial D) decline
  __ 67 A) natural B) world C) social D) human
  __ 68 A) revising B) refining C) rebuilding D) retrieving
  __ 69 A) review B) reminder C) concept D) prospect
  __ 70 A) preparing B) protesting C) protecting D) prevailing
  __ 71 A) never B) ever C) then D) before
  __ 72 A) up B) down C) over D) out
  __ 73 A) merely B) rarely C) incidentally D) accidentally
  __ 74 A) surge B) spur C) surf D) splash
  __ 75 A) ensued B) traced C) followed D) occurred
  __ 76 A) which B) where C) what D) when
  __ 77 A) enough B) certain C) conclusive D) final
  __ 78 A) but B) as C) that D) those
  __ 79 A) exile B) evacuate C) dismiss D) displace
  __ 80 A) ride B) trail C) path D) track
  __ 81 A) conventions B) notifications C) communications D) negotiations
  答案:
  B 62. A) To B) By C) On D) For
  介词辨析。通过对前句的分析理解,知道人性的本质-只有在遭受了痛苦之后才会重视痛苦,于是后句紧跟的连词应该是表示解释说明,而to为至于,on为在...上面,for为因果连词,只有by可以表示通过。
  A 63. A) fresh B) obvious C) apparent D) evident
  词义辨析。考生初看本题以为考察的是obvious, apparent, evident的词义辨析,三个词都表示明显的意思,但是根据文章的意思,此处应该是表示记忆犹新的意思,因此只有一个fresh表示的是新鲜。
  C 64. A) visual B) vivid C) live D) lively
  词义辨析。本题考察更多的是常识性的问题。Live这个单词除了有生活的意思之外,还有现场直播的意思。而剩余的混淆项完全是在误导学生,visual为视觉的,vivid为生动活泼的,lively为活泼的意思。
  D 65. A) little B) less C) more D) much
  词义辨析。在比较级前面添加副词,只能用副词原级,不能再用比较级。B和C显然错误。根据文章的感情色彩,文章表示的是贬义,在嘲笑人们喜欢做马后炮的事情,因此用much不用little.
  A 66. A) reluctance B) rejection C) denial D) decline
  词义辨析。Reluctance不情愿,rejection拒绝 denial否定 decline 拒绝。本题一看也仿佛是辨析BCD三个表示否定的词义。但是通过分析这个复杂句我们看到了前面的一个关键词willful blindness. 这个词组近年来在欧美属于流行词汇,频繁的出现在各大媒体中。他的英文解释是Willful blindness is a term used in law to describe a situation in which an individual seeks to avoid civil or criminal liability for a wrongful act by intentionally putting himself in a position where he will be unaware of facts.中文解释简单来说就是"装傻"。而复杂句可以翻译成,因为人们都在装傻事情变得更糟糕,除非真的死到临头了,否则人们都会尽最大可能不合作。而这里用reluctance,正好和前面的willful成反义词对应。
  D 67. A) natural B) social C) world D) human 词义辨析。与其说这个是考察词义辨析,不如说是在超越大学生的理解能力考察一个固定搭配human condition.看到这个搭配,学生的瞬间逻辑推理是人为因素,但是实际该词组表示人的生存条件的意思。
  C 68. A) revising B) refining C) rebuilding D) retrieving
  词义辨析。Revising修订,refining提炼,rebuilding重建,retrieving重新得到。地震之后要干什么呢?当然就是重建了。因此这种题目关键是看句子前面的连词and.
  A 69. A) review B) reminder C) concept D) prospect
  词义辨析。Review回顾,reminder提醒,暗示,concept概念,prospect希望。句子开头一个强转折BUT,表示后面要说的和前面的内容是相反的意思。同时,后面有一个history,通过这个单词就知道前面用review。
  C 70. A) preparing B) protesting C) protecting D) prevailing
  固定搭配。 protect sb. from sth 保护某人免受某事。Prepare准备,protest抗议,prevail流行,成功。
  B 71. A) never B) ever C) then D) before
  词义辨析。对于我们所面临的灾难,我们比以前知道的更多。本句中did是用助动词取代实意动词know。因此这里的连词只能用ever表示以前,而before做副词时一定放在句末或后跟名词。
  D 72. A) up B) down C) over D) out
  固定搭配。Turn out that/ turn out to be sth 证明。Turn up出现,turn down拒绝,turn over营业额/反复考虑
  B 73. A) merely B) rarely C) incidentally D) accidentally
  词义辨析。本题涉及两组词,一个是merely和rarely,merely表示仅仅,只不过的意思,rarely表示极少,罕有的意思。而incidentally和accidentally均表示巧合。关键在于区分merely和rarely就可以得出答案。
  A 74. A) surge B) spur C) surf D) splash
  词义辨析。本题实际考察的单词是形近且意思相差很远的一些单词。Surge表示汹涌澎湃,做动词有急速上升的意思spur刺激,穿刺 surf海浪,做动词有冲浪的意思 splash溅。这种考察方法很常见但是对同学做题来说很容易。
  C 75.A) ensued B) traced C) followed D) occurred
  B 76.A) which B) where C) what D) when
  where引导的从句作介词to的宾语
  A 77.A) enough B) certain C) conclusive D) final
  C 78.A) but B) as C) that D) those
  B 79. A) exile B) evacuate C) dismiss D) displace
  A 80.A) ride B) trail C) path D) track ride out "安全过渡",track out "追踪"
  D 81.A) conventions B) notifications C) communications D) negotiations