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2017年成人英语三级考试语法专项备考宝典(14)

来源:考试在线2017-02-23 在线模考培训课程

摘要:

  1、限制性定语从句

  The teacher told me that Tom was the only person that I could depend on. 老师告诉我说汤姆是我唯一的可以依靠的人。.

  China is a country which has a long history. 中国是一个历史悠久的国家。

  In the street I saw a man who was from Africa. 在街上我看到一个来自非洲的人。

  2、非限制性定语从句举例

  Last summer I visited the People's Great Hall, in which many important meetings are held every year. 去年夏天,我参观了人民大会堂,在那儿每年都要举行许多重要会议。

  注意区分下列几组句子的不同含义:

  Her brother who is now a soldier always encourages her to go to college. 她那当兵的哥哥总是鼓励她上大学。(意含: 她还有其他哥哥。)

  Her brother, who is now a soldier, always encourages her to go to college. 她哥哥是当兵的,他总是鼓励她上大学。(意含: 她只有一个哥哥。)

  难点释疑:

  (一)限制性定语从句中只能用that 引导定语从句的情况。

  1.当先行词是everything, anything, nothing (something 除外), all, none, few, little, some等代词时,或当先行词受every, any, all, some, no, little, few, much等代词修饰时。如:Have you taken down everything that Mr. Li said? 李老师讲的你都记下来了吗?

  There seems to be nothing that is impossible to him in the world. 对他来说似乎世界上没有什么不可能的事。

  All that can be done has been done. 所有能做的都做好了。

  There is little that I can do for you. 我不能为你干什么。

  He stayed in the library and looked up any information that they needed. 他呆在图书馆查找所需的资料。.

  注意:当先行词指人时,偶尔也可用关系代词who,如:

  Any man that / who has a sense of duty won't do such a thing. 任何有责任感的人都不会做这样的事。

  All the guests that / who were invited to her wedding were important people. 所有应邀来参加她婚礼的客人都是重要人物。

  2.当先行词被序数词修饰时。

  如:The first place that they visited in London was the Big Ben.

  在伦敦他们参观的第一个地方是大本钟。

  3.当先行词被形容词最高级修饰时。

  如:This is the best film that I have ever seen. 这是我看过的最好的电影。

  4.当先行词被the very, the only修饰时。

  如:This is the very dictionary that I want to buy. 这正是我要买的词典。

  After the fire in his house, the old car is the only thing that he owns. 家里发生了火灾过后,那辆旧车成了他的唯一拥有。.

  注意:当先行词指人时,偶尔也可用关系代词who。如:

  Wang Hua is the only person in our school who will attend the meeting. 王华是我校唯一出席会议的人。

  5.当先行词前面有who, which等疑问代词时。

  如:Who is the man that is standing by the gate? 站在门口的那个人是谁?

  Which is the T-shirt that fits me most? 哪件T恤衫最合我的身?

  6.当先行词为人与动物或人与物时。

  如:They talked about the persons and things that they remembered at school. 他们谈论着他们所能记起的在校时的人和事。

  Look at the man and his donkey that are walking up the street. 瞧瞧那个沿街走来的人和他的 毛驴。

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