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2017年成人英语三级考试语法专项备考宝典(17)

来源:考试在线2017-02-23 在线模考培训课程

摘要:

  1.who指人,在定语从句中作主语。

  The boys who are playing football are from Class One. 正在踢足球的男孩是一班的。

  Those who want to go to the museum must be at the school gate at 7 tomorrow morning. 想去博物馆的人必须在明晨7点到大门口集合。

  Yesterday I helped an old man who had lost his way. 昨天我帮助了一位迷路的老人。

  That is the teacher who teaches us physics. 那就是教我们物理的老师。

  2.whom指人,在定语从句中做宾语,常可省略。

  Mr Liu is the person (whom) you talked about on the bus. 刘先生就是你们在公共汽车上谈论的那个人。

  Li Ming is just the boy (whom) I want to see. 李明正是我想要见的男孩。

  The professor (whom) you are waiting for has come. 你正在等的教授已经来了。

  The girl (whom) the teacher often praises is our monitor. 老师经常表扬的那个女孩是我们的班长。

  注意:关系代词whom 在口语或非正式文体中常可用who来代替,也可省略。

  The man (whom/who) you met just now is my old friend.

  3.Which 指物,在定语从句中做主语或宾语,做宾语时常可省略。

  Football is a game which is liked by most boys. 足球是大多数男孩所喜欢的运动。

  The factory which makes computers is far away from here. 制造计算机的那家公司离这很远。

  He likes to read books which are written by foreign writers. 他喜欢外国作家写的书。

  The house which is by the lake looks nice. 湖边的那幢房子看上去很漂亮。

  This is the pen (which) he bought yesterday. 这是他昨天买的钢笔。

  The film (which they went to see last night was not interesting at all.

  他们昨晚看的电影一点意思也没有。

  4.That 指人时,相当于who 或whom;指物时,相当于which.在定语从句中作主语或宾语,作宾语时常可省略。

  The number of people that / who come to visit this city each year reaches one million. 每年来参观这座城市的人数达一百万。

  Where is the man that / whom I saw this morning? 我今天早上看到的那个人在哪儿?

  The person that /whom you introduced to me is very kind. 你介绍给我的那个人很友好。

  The season that / which comes after spring is summer. 春天以后的季节是夏季。

  Yesterday I received a letter that / which came from Australia. 昨天我收到了一封来自澳大利亚的信。

  5.Whose通常指人,也可指物,在定语从句中做定语。

  I visited a scientist whose name is known all over the country. 我拜访了一个全国知名科学家。

  He has a friend whose father is a doctor. 他有一个爸爸当医生的朋友。

  I once lived in the house whose roof has fallen in. 我曾经住在那幢屋顶已经倒塌了的房子里。

  注意:指物时,常用下列结构来代替:

  The classroom whose door is broken will soon be repaired.

  The classroom the door of which is broken will soon be repaired.

  Do you like the book whose cover is yellow?

  Do you like the book the cover of which is yellow?

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